April 29, 2010
By Todd Hirsch
Alberta Business Columnist
CALGARY, AB, Apr. 29, 2010/ Troy Media/ – My how the mighty have fallen! The one-time engine of the national economy, western Canada sputtered dramatically in 2009.
According to new data released from Statistics Canada, the provincial economies of the three western-most provinces were in much deeper recession than most other parts of the country. Saskatchewan led the West in contraction, dropping by 6.3 per cent (adjusted for inflation); only energy-dependent Newfoundland and Labrador fared worse among the provinces.
Alberta was the third-fastest shrinking economy last year, down 5.1 per cent. BC contracted by 2.3 per cent, which was a bit better than the national rate of decline (-2.9per cent), but it would have been a much sharper contraction had Vancouver not been busy getting ready to host the Olympics. Manitoba was the only western province to largely escape recession, with a tiny contraction of 0.2 per cent.
It wasn’t that long ago that western Canada was the hope of the nation! All this talk about the “economic gravity” shifting away from central Canada towards the West seems a bit embarrassing after last year’s debacle. The sharp decline-particularly in Alberta and Saskatchewan-was like a big, fat piece of humble pie right in the face.
The blame for western Canada’s economic woes can be laid at the feet of one villain: resource prices. Prices for everything from crude oil to potash to base metals swooned in the wake of the global financial and credit crisis. The lack of diversity in Alberta, and to a lesser extent, Saskatchewan, became the focus of pundits and policy wonks once again. The heavy dependence on oil and gas (and in Saskatchewan, potash) caused the wild gyration from run-away growth in 2007 to run-off-the-cliff in 2009.
Is this the end of western Canada’s economic miracle? Hardly. In fact, despite the sharper than average downturn sustained last year, nothing changes the storyline that the economic centre of gravity will continue to drift from east to west. There are three reasons why.
First, commodity prices will come back. Oil prices are back solidly above $80 a barrel (up from a low of $33 at the start of 2009). Base metal prices are up. Canola and potash prices are rising. Even lowly forestry products have performed acceptably well recently. Natural gas is the one major commodity for which prices remain in the sewer. But the growing global economy needs our resources, and that’s being reflected in rising prices. This will cause a sharp turn-around in the western Canadian economies in 2010 and beyond.
Second, China. The western provinces trade relatively more with this giant economy than does the rest of the country (although that’s not saying too much). Over 10 per cent of BC’s international exports, and 4.4 per cent of the Prairie Provinces exports, go to China. Ontario, on the other hand, sells only 1.2 per cent of its exports in that market. With China’s economy again growing at 12 per cent real GDP annually, western Canada is in a great position to profit off this enormous growth market. China needs our natural resources, and an oil pipeline from Alberta to the Pacific Coast is in the works.
Third, western Canada is in a much better fiscal situation than is the rest of the country, particularly Ontario and Quebec. Saskatchewan isn’t running a fiscal deficit at all this year, and Manitoba’s is slim. BC has a credible (and achievable) plan to return to balanced budgets in the next couple of years. Alberta, while running a whopping deficit this year, is still comfortably debt free. Balanced budgets and surpluses are likely to return by 2013.
Central Canada still in rough shape
Sadly, central Canada cannot say the same thing. In the most probable scenario, the crushing debt level will continue to rise. Tax increases and spending cuts will be required. Infrastructure spending may suffer. And the economies of Ontario and Quebec will strain under those weights.
Last year was a wake-up call for western Canada. But a good old fashioned recession serves some important purposes. It makes you more thankful for growth and employment when they return. It helps weed out incompetent businesses. And it forces everyone to become more productive and efficient. These are all important lessons for the West to learn.. But with the help of strong resource prices, good fiscal management, and China, the West will rise to lead Canada’s economy once again.
Channels: The Calgary Beacon, May 4, the Guelph Mercury, the Regina Leader Post, the Waterloo Region Record, the Winnipeg Free Press, May 6, the Amherst Daily News, the Truro Daily News, the New Glasgow Evening News, May 7, the Flin Flon Reminder, May 10, Prince Rupert Daily News, May 11, Canada Free Press, May 12, the Innisfail Province, May 18, the Airdrie City View, June 3, 2010